Victor Hugo and The Gothic Age

When the time came for Victor Hugo to be born (1802), most of Europe’s cathedrals were falling into grave disrepair. Unlike man, cathedrals do not have a voice of their own, and no one was speaking for the aging gothic buildings. By the early 1800s, many cathedrals fell out of favor, became forgotten, and were letting the ivy in where mankind used to enter.

ruins in Perigueux, France.

By 1830, Paris’ Notre Dame Cathedral became so neglected and disused that it became dangerous to even enter for fear of falling pieces. By all appearances, the gothic age seemed to have finally closed, and many ancient buildings, including the Notre Dame Cathedral, were slotted for demolition.

Démolition du petit pont de l’Hôtel-Dieu circa 1853, wikimedia commons

The first few years of young Victor Hugo’s life were spent following the army with his father, who was a general under Napoleon’s brother Joseph.

Joseph Bonaparte, wikimedia commons

Young Hugo was taught to hero-worship Napoleon, and in consequence, idealism and politics were to occupy his mind for the duration of his life. By 1812, he was living in Paris with his staunchly Royalist mother, which must have made a confusing impression on Victor Hugo’s mind. I believe the two extremes, Napoleon worship, and loyalty to the monarchy, gave Victor Hugo the complex foundation that he needed in order to write with the breadth that he did. He understood both worlds fully, which meant that he was one of the few to fully understand France given the time that he was living in.

Napoleon versus Luis XIV, wikimedia commons


He grew up in a Paris that was Post-Revolution. He didn’t experience any of the Revolution himself, but the adults around him did. During Hugo’s time, the gibbet still stood on the hills on the outskirts of town to hang criminals as warmings, but the guillotine no longer dropped its blade on innocents’ necks as a sort of entertainment in the center of town.

gibbets, wikimedia commons

Hugo was living in the new Paris, the people’s Paris, the Paris inherited by the legacy of Napoleon’s code. It was to be an Enlightened era, but it was Victor Hugo who helped make it a Romantic era as well.

Gargoyle overlooking the Seine.


The Hunchback of Notre Dame was Victor Hugo’s rallying cry to save the large crumbling gothic building that stood in the center of Paris. To read his book is to understand what it means to revere the people of the past and admire their incredible achievements.

Cathedral Notre Dame de Paris, wikimedia commons

My book Memory Road Trip is available as e-book or paperback! Buy it either at Amazon or at most major retailers.

Published by Krista Marson

Hi, my name is Krista, and I'm a traveling fiend. Well, I should correct myself and say that I used to be a traveling fiend. The COVID-19 health pandemic has kinda stopped me in my tracks and has been keeping me closer to home for the last year and a bit. Perhaps the only thing good about being stuck at home is that it has allowed me the time necessary to finish writing a book. Well, actually, it has allowed me enough time to write about three separate books, but only one of them is ready to be read. I created a website and blog to promote the sale of my forthcoming novels.

2 thoughts on “Victor Hugo and The Gothic Age

  1. A very interesting background of Victor Hugo.

    I did not know that Hugo’s father was a Bonapartist general and his mother a staunch Royalist.

    I knew he wrote The Hunchback of Notre Dame as a rallying cry for the people of Paris to save Notre Dame Cathedral from disrepair.

    God knows what he’d think of the current French government architect’s plans to turn Notre Dame into a Disney like theme park.

    He’d probably write a book entitled The Crackpot of Notre Dame.

    Liked by 1 person

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